Heart Attack Signs/Symptoms

Do you know your risk factors?

If you observe any of the signs below, DO NOT WAIT and DO NOT FALL ASLEEP. Call 911 and seek immediate treatment.

Knowing your risk factors for developing heart disease is the first step in preventing heart disease and taking care of your heart. Below is a list of risk factors. Check the risk factors that apply to you. If two or more of these risk factors apply, schedule an appointment with your primary care physician. If you need help locating a physician, call 1-877-554-JPMC or 270-251-4580.

  • Over Age 50: I am a man OR woman over age 50, OR I have passed menopause OR had my ovaries removed.
  • Family History of Heart Attack/Stroke: My father or brother had a heart attack before age 55, OR my mother or sister had one before age 65, OR my mother, father, sister, brother, or grandparent had a stroke.
  • High Blood Pressure: My blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg or higher, OR a healthcare professional has said my blood pressure is too high, OR I don't know what my blood pressure is.
  • Tobacco Smoke Use: I smoke OR I live or work with people who smoke tobacco regularly.
  • High or Unknown Cholesterol: My total cholesterol is 240 mg/dL or higher, OR I don't know my level.
  • Low or Unknown HDL Cholesterol: My HDL (good) cholesterol is less than 40 mg/dL, OR I don't know my HDL cholesterol level.
  • Lack of Physical Activity: I get less than a total of 30 minutes of physical activity on most days.
  • Overweight: I am 20 pounds or more overweight for my height and build.
  • Diabetes: I have diabetes (a fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dL or higher), OR I need medicine to control my blood sugar.
  • History of Heart Disease: I have coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation or other heart condition(s), OR I've had a heart attack.
  • History of Stroke: I've been told that I have carotid artery disease, OR I've had a stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack), OR I have a disease of the leg arteries, a high red blood cell count or sickle cell anemia.

The more risk factors you have, the greater your risk of experiencing a stroke.

Key Risk Factors for Heart Disease


Stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts.

Warning Signs of a Stroke:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause
  • Other dangers include:
  • Double vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea or vomiting

Chest Pain Warning Signs

Heart disease is the #1 killer of both men and women in the U.S. Recognizing the warning signs of a heart attack and seeking immediate treatment could save your life.

Know the Warning Signs:

  • Chest discomfort
  • Pain spreading to the shoulders, neck or arm
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Indigestion or gas-like pain
  • Unexplainable weakness or fatigue
  • Sense of impending doom
  • Sweating
  • Discomfort or pain between the shoulder bladesĀ